Black American Racers Association Certificate of Charter Membership to Leonard W. Miller

Description (Brief)
Black American Racers Association Certificate of Charter Membership to Leonard W. Miller. BARA was a support group for racing development in the black auto racing community. The certificate has the original signatures of secretary, Ronald Hines, president, Malcolm Durham and chairman, Leonard W. Miller. Miller was the owner and president of Black American Racers Inc. that fielded African American driver Benny Scott in Formula Super Vee auto racing from 1973-1975 and Formula 5000 auto racing competition in 1975, including the inaugural Long Beach Grand Prix. Hines was also the Formula Super Vee team engineer for BAR throughout the 1970s.
In 1969, Len Miller and his brother Dexter for Miller Racing to race hot rods on the drag racing circuit in Pennsylvania, New Jersey and the Northeast. With success on the racetrack he formed Vanguard Racing in 1972 and was the first African American to enter a car in the Indianapolis 500. He then went on to found the Black American Racers Association in 1973. The goal of the organization was to “unify African-American drivers in all types of racing – stock car, open wheel, and drag racing -- pave the way for greater success and introduce race fans to African-American’s history in motorsports.”
Later that same year the Black American Racers, Inc. (BAR) was formed with Benny Scott as their second generation African-American driver. Also in 1973, BAR became the first team to have an African American driver compete in England. In 1975, BAR driver Benny Scott would break the color barrier at the Long Beach Grand Prix, when the team entered a Formula 5000 car in the inaugural race. Len and Benny Scott were inducted into the Black Athletes Hall of Fame for their achievements in motorsports in 1976. In 1978, BAR experienced a setback when their driver Tommy Thompson was killed in an accident at the Trenton Speedway. Many of the team members took a break after this tragedy and in the 1980s the team turned toward stock car racing.
Currently not on view
date made
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
overall: 8 1/2 in x 11 in; 21.59 cm x 27.94 cm
ID Number
nonaccession number
catalog number
auto racing
African American
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Culture and the Arts: Sport and Leisure
Sports & Leisure
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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