Platt's Oil Hanging Lamp Patent Model

Alonzo Platt received patent number 42 on October 8, 1836, for his design for a chandelier that he called a Union Lamp. The goal of the invention was to provide direct light without the obstruction from a surrounding shell or body, casting perfect light in all directions with no circle, shadow, or shade. Platt sought these direct rays of light from the union of three or more distinct lamps with their own reservoirs. Platt also suggested the form of the fish for the lamp that would serve as oil reservoirs. The wick tubes protruding from the mouth of the fish was the novel invention of the patent, made to open and close with a hinge mechanism to replace the wicks with ease.
Object Name
Object Type
Lighting Devices
Lighting Devices
patent date
Platt, Alonzo
Physical Description
joined at (chairs (3) connector/connecting technique)
joined at (reservoir (3) connector/connecting technique)
joined at (ring connector/connecting technique)
tin (burners (3) material)
tin (chairs (3) material)
tin (hanger material)
tin (reservoir (3) material)
associated place
United States: Connecticut, Middletown
ID Number
catalog number
patent number
accession number
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
American Enterprise
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


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