Scrimshaw Whale Busk, mid 19th Century

Description
Busks are long, flat slices out of whalebone ribs that whaling crews decorated with carvings and then gave to their wives or sweethearts once they were back on land after a voyage. Busks were slipped into vertical pocket in ladies’ corsets to stiffen the garment.
The front of this example has vertical floral frames alternating with horizontal cross-pattern boundaries dividing the scenes. The back is carved with a single creeping floral vine. The infill material is faint, endowing the piece with a delicate, dreamlike quality. The bottom is bi-lobed, and part of the top is broken off and missing.
Scrimshaw began in the late 18th or early 19th century as the art of carving whale bone and ivory aboard whale ships. The crew on whalers had plenty of leisure time between sighting and chasing whales, and the hard parts of whales were readily available on voyages that could last up to four years.
In its simplest form, a tooth was removed from the lower jaw of a sperm whale and the surface was prepared by scraping and sanding until it was smooth. The easiest way to begin an etching was to smooth a print over the tooth, prick the outline of the image with a needle and then “connect-the-dots” once the paper was removed. This allowed even unskilled craftsmen to create fine carvings. Some sailors were skilled enough to etch their drawings freehand. After the lines were finished, they were filled in with lamp black or sometimes colored pigments.
Scrimshaw could be decorative, like simple sperm whale teeth, or they could be useful, as in ivory napkin rings, corset busks (stiffeners), swifts for winding yarn or pie crimpers. The sailor’s hand-carved scrimshaw was then given to loved ones back on shore as souvenirs of the hard and lonely life aboard long and dangerous voyages.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
mid 19th century
Physical Description
bone, whale (overall material)
scrimshaw (overall production method/technique)
Measurements
overall: 15 1/4 in x 1 3/4 in; 38.735 cm x 4.445 cm
ID Number
DL.249980
catalog number
249980
accession number
48696
Credit Line
Helen Freeman, Willard Nye Estate
See more items in
Work and Industry: Maritime
Cultures & Communities
Art
Transportation
Scrimshaw
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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