No. 8 Universal Bread Maker

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Manually-operated bread mixer, kneader and raiser; makes up to 8 lovaes. Consists of a two-handled, heavy wire-rimmed bucket or pail with adjustable, Y-shaped crosspiece on top having a circular bearing at center which holds the curved, wooden-handled crank and shank of the beater finger or hook. A separate clamp fits into the rectangular socket or slot attached across the underside of the bucket to firmly secure it to a table or support. The cover, which fits between the bucket and crosspiece, is stamped with the instructions for use in raised sans serif letters. The crosspiece is stamped incuse "No. 8 / UNIVERSAL / BREAD MAKER" with two columns of patent dates from 1900 to February 25, 1905 below, which are followed by "OTHER PATENTS PENDING / MADE BY / LANDERS FRARY & CLARK / NEW BRITAIN / CONN. / U.S.A." The bucket, made in three pieces with 2 vertical, folded seams and bottom folded up at edge, has the same product information on its side stamped in raised sans serif letters along with "AWARDED GOLD MEDAL / ST. LOUIS EXPOSITION". All components, except the bucket, are either cast or forged and detachable. Comes with 4 slightly different, dough fingers or hooks.
Currently not on view
date made
1905 or later
Landers, Frary & Clark
place made
United States: Connecticut, New Britain
Physical Description
iron (bucket; cover material)
tin (bucket; cover material)
iron wire (bucket rim; bucket handles material)
steel (crosspiece; crank; dough hooks material)
wood (crank grip material)
paint (crank grip material)
overall: 18 3/16 in x 16 1/4 in x 14 3/4 in; 46.19625 cm x 41.275 cm x 37.465 cm
lid: 11/16 in x 14 in; 1.74625 cm x 35.56 cm
crank: 6 7/8 in x 16 3/4 in x 7 1/8 in; 17.4625 cm x 42.545 cm x 18.0975 cm
curn: 1 1/2 in x 9 in x 11 7/8 in; 3.81 cm x 22.86 cm x 30.1625 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Kenneth E. Jewett
Food Processing
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


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