Universal Bread Maker

Manually-operated bread mixer, kneader and raiser, consisting of a two-handled, heavy wire-rimmed bucket or pail with an adjustable, Y-shaped crosspiece having a circular bearing at center which holds the curved, wooden-handled crank and the shank of the beater finger or hook. A separate clamp fits into the rectangular socket or slot attached across the underside of the bucket to firmly secure it to a table or support. The cover, which fits between the bucket and crosspiece, is stamped with the instructions for use in raised sans serif letters. The crosspiece is stamped incuse "No. 8 / UNIVERSAL / BREAD MAKER" with two columns of patent dates from 1900 to February 25, 1905 below, which are followed by "OTHER PATENTS PENDING / MADE BY / LANDERS FRARY & CLARK / NEW BRITAIN / CONN. / U.S.A." The bucket, made in three pieces with folded, vertical seams and a folded-edge bottom, has the same product information on its side stamped in raised sans serif letters along with "AWARDED GOLD MEDAL / ST. LOUIS EXPOSITION". All components, except the bucket, are either cast or forged and detachable. Four, slightly different, dough fingers or hooks.
Makes up to eight loaves.
Currently not on view
Object Name
bread maker
date made
after 1905
Landers, Frary & Clark
Physical Description
iron (bucket; cover material)
tin (bucket; cover material)
iron wire (bucket rim; bucket handles material)
steel (crosspiece; crank; dough hooks material)
wood (crank handle material)
paint (crank handle material)
overall: 18 3/16 in x 16 1/4 in x 14 3/4 in; 46.19625 cm x 41.275 cm x 37.465 cm
lid: 11/16 in x 14 in; 1.74625 cm x 35.56 cm
crank: 6 7/8 in x 16 3/4 in x 7 1/8 in; 17.4625 cm x 42.545 cm x 18.0975 cm
curn: 1 1/2 in x 9 in x 11 7/8 in; 3.81 cm x 22.86 cm x 30.1625 cm
place made
United States: Connecticut, New Britain
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Domestic Furnishings
Group 1
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Group 1
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of Kenneth E. Jewett
Additional Media

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