No. 4 Universal Bread Maker

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Manually-operated bread mixer, kneader and raiser; makes up to 4 loaves. Consists of a two-handled, heavy wire-rimmed bucket or pail with adjustable, Y-shaped crosspiece on top having a circular bearing at center which holds the curved, wooden-handled crank and shank of the beater finger or hook. A separate clamp fits into the rectangular socket or slot attached across the underside of the bucket to firmly secure it to a table or support. The cover, which fits between the bucket and crosspiece, is stamped with the instructions for use in raised sans serif letters. The crosspiece is stamped incuse "No. [4] / UNIVERSAL / BREAD MAKER" with two columns of patent dates from 1900 to 1906 below, which are followed by "MADE BY / LANDERS FRARY & CLARK / NEW BRITAIN / CONN. / [U.S.A.]". The bucket, made in three pieces with 2 vertical, folded seams and bottom folded up at edge, is stamped incuse on its side with the same product information along with "AWARDED GOLD MEDAL / ST. LOUIS EXPOSITION". All components, except the bucket, are either cast or forged and detachable. No additional dough fingers or hooks.
Currently not on view
date made
1906 or later
Landers, Frary & Clark
place made
United States: Connecticut, New Britain
Physical Description
iron (bucket; cover material)
tin (bucket; cover material)
iron wire (bucket rim; bucket handles material)
wood (crank grip material)
paint (crank grip material)
steel (crosspiece; crank; dough hook; clamp material)
overall: 13 7/8 in x 16 in x 12 3/8 in; 35.2425 cm x 40.64 cm x 31.4325 cm
crank (laying on side): 11 3/4 in x 16 in x 5 3/4 in; 29.845 cm x 40.64 cm x 14.605 cm
lid: 9/16 in x 12 in; 1.42875 cm x 30.48 cm
clamp: 4 1/2 in x 4 3/4 in x 3 1/2 in; 11.43 cm x 12.065 cm x 8.89 cm
bucket: 11 5/16 in x 13 11/16 in x 12 in; 28.73375 cm x 34.76625 cm x 30.48 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Kenneth E. Jewett
Food Processing
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


I'm interested in finding out more about the development of the Universal No. 4 bread maker and other Universal products. Thank you!

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