Universal Bread Maker

Manually-operated bread mixer, kneader and raiser, consisting of a two-handled, heavy wire-rimmed bucket or pail with an adjustable, Y-shaped crosspiece having a circular bearing at center which holds the curved, wooden-handled crank and the shank of the beater finger or hook. A separate clamp fits into the rectangular socket or slot attached across the underside of the bucket to firmly secure it to a table or support. The cover, which fits between the bucket and crosspiece, is stamped with the instructions for use in raised sans serif letters. The crosspiece is stamped incuse "No. [4] / UNIVERSAL / BREAD MAKER" with two columns of patent dates from 1900 to 1906 below, which are followed by "MADE BY / LANDERS FRARY & CLARK / NEW BRITAIN / CONN. / [U.S.A.]". The bucket, made in three pieces with folded, vertical seams and a folded-edge bottom, is stamped incuse on its side with the same product information along with "AWARDED GOLD MEDAL / ST. LOUIS EXPOSITION". All components, except the bucket, are either cast or forged and detachable. One bucket handle was reattached with brass rivets stamped incuse "44".
Makes up to four loaves.
Currently not on view
Object Name
bread maker
date made
after 1906
Landers, Frary & Clark
Physical Description
iron (bucket; cover material)
tin (bucket; cover material)
iron wire (bucket rim; bucket handles material)
steel (crosspiece; crank; dough hook; clamp material)
overall: 13 7/8 in x 16 in x 12 3/8 in; 35.2425 cm x 40.64 cm x 31.4325 cm
crank (laying on side): 11 3/4 in x 16 in x 5 3/4 in; 29.845 cm x 40.64 cm x 14.605 cm
lid: 9/16 in x 12 in; 1.42875 cm x 30.48 cm
clamp: 4 1/2 in x 4 3/4 in x 3 1/2 in; 11.43 cm x 12.065 cm x 8.89 cm
bucket: 11 5/16 in x 13 11/16 in x 12 in; 28.73375 cm x 34.76625 cm x 30.48 cm
place made
United States: Connecticut, New Britain
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Group 1
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


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