Foot Warmer Patent Model

Full-size patent model (U.S. Patent No. 50,123) of a hot water- or sand-heated foot warmer or stove, made by Hermann Hock and Jacob Zilz of Philadelphia, PA, and patented on September 26, 1865. Consists of a wooden box with a red velvet-upholstered, hinged lid that contains a removable tinplate container or reservoir with brass ring-handled plug for the heat source. Off-white wool-lined interior. Rectangular silver plaque mounted below spring latch is engraved "H. Hock & J. Zilz / Phil\a." in script surrounded by flourishes.
This patent model is the protoype for foot warmer DL*311658.
Currently not on view
Object Name
warmer, foot
patent date
Hock, Hermann
Zilz, Jacob
Physical Description
mahogany (box material)
velvet, silk (upholstery material)
iron (container material)
tin (container material)
brass (hardware material)
overall: 3 in x 7 1/4 in x 5 7/8 in; 7.62 cm x 18.415 cm x 14.9225 cm
place made
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
associated place
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
ID Number
catalog number
patent number
accession number
Domestic Furnishings
Group 1
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Group 1
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Media

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