Rachel

Rachel

Description
Sentimental genre prints documented the social image of Victorian virtue through domestic scenes of courtship, family, home life, and images of the “genteel female.” Children are depicted studying nature or caring for their obedient pets as they learn their place in the greater world. Romantic scenes picture devoted husbands with their contented, dutiful wives. In these prints, young women educated in reading, music, needlework, the arts, the language of flowers, basic math and science are subjugated to their family’s needs.
These prints became popular as lithography was introduced to 19th Century Americans. As a new art form, it was affordable for the masses and provided a means to share visual information by crossing the barriers of race, class and language. Sentimental prints encouraged the artistic endeavors of schoolgirls and promoted the ambitions of amateur artists, while serving as both moral instruction and home or business decoration. They are a pictorial record of our romanticized past.
This three-quarter length hand colored portrait is of a young dark haired woman standing indoors. She is looking over her left shoulder as she leafs through a book which rests on an ornate table along with a vase of flowers. The woman is wearing a white dress, a necklace and three gold bracelets. In the background is red drapery with gold fringe and patterned wallpaper.
This print was produced by James S Baillie, who was active in New York from 1838 to 1855. James Baillie started as a framer in 1838, and then became an artist and lithographer in 1843 or 1844. He discovered how to color lithographs while working as an independent contractor for Currier & Ives in the mid 1840’s. A prolific lithographer and colorist for Currier & Ives; his prints were extremely popular with a wide distribution. J. Baillie spent his later years concentrating on painting instead of lithography.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
ca 1846
distributors
Sowle & Shaw
maker
Baillie, James S.
place made
United States: New York, New York
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements
image: 11 1/2 in x 8 1/2 in; 29.21 cm x 21.59 cm
ID Number
DL.60.2497
catalog number
60.2497
accession number
228146
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Furnishings
Marriage
Flowers
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Clothing & Accessories
Domestic Furnishings
Art
Peters Prints
Data Source
National Museum of American History

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