Washington and His Staff at Valley Forge

Washington and His Staff at Valley Forge

Description
George Washington and five of his officers are featured in a scenic, snowy landscape. Valley Forge was headquarters for the Continental Army in 1777 and 1778 during the Revolutionary War, and is infamous as the place where 2,500 American soldiers died during the winter from exposure and starvation. Based on the artist Veron Fletcher’s painting, which was exhibited at the Smithsonian in February 1855, the print was drawn on stone by Edward Moran, brother of noted artist Thomas Moran. The print came with a two page key that included a biography on each of the soldiers.
Revolutionary War scenes often are used to convey patriotism. This scene highlights the heroic officers rather than depicting the gruesome hardships of war. The officers on horseback are the Marquis de Lafayette, Nathaniel Greene, Anthony Wayne, and Henry Knox. Standing in the background on the right is Col. John Brooks. The building on the viewer's left was the headquarters which was still standing at the time the print was drawn according to the key on the original sketch. Thousands of Americans had prints of Washington in their homes prior to the Civil War. But given the size and $15.00 cost- based on the advertisement by Hensel & Urwiler of Philadelphia- this chromolithograph would have been purchased for a public building, well off school, college, library, or a business such as an eating establishment, or by a wealthy individual.
The original artist for this image was Veron Fletcher, a portrait painter, active in Philadelphia between 1848 and 1870. The lithographer, Edward Moran, was an English immigrant who came to the United States with his family in 1844. Trained by John Hamilton, he is most recognized for a set of 13 paintings which represented the history of marine life in the United States. The publisher was Herline, a company base out of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ithographer/engraver Edward Herline, was born in 1825 in what is now in Bavaria, and immigrated to the United States with his brother Gustav in the 1840s. They settled in Philadelphia, and founded Herline & Company, a lithography firm. In 1857, lithographer Daniel Hensel joined the company and the name of the company changed to Herline & Hensel until 1964 when the company obtained another partner and became known as Thurston, Herline & Company.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1855
depicted
Washington, George
Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier Marquis de Lafayette
Greene, Nathanael
Wayne, Anthony
lithographer
Fletcher, Veron
artist
Moran, Edward
publisher
Herline and Company
place made
United States: Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
depicted
United States: Pennsylvania, Valley Forge
Physical Description
paper (overall material)
ink (overall material)
Measurements
image: 23 5/8 in x 35 11/16 in; 60.0075 cm x 90.64625 cm
ID Number
DL.60.2582
catalog number
60.2582
accession number
228146
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Horses
Revolutionary War
Horseback Riding
Architecture, Domestic Buildings
Uniforms, Military
Chronology: before 1820
related event
Valley Forge
American Revolution
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Military
Art
Peters Prints
NMAH Reception Suite
Data Source
National Museum of American History

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