Union Military Chart

Description
This 1861 patriotic print produced by Magnus & Co. assisted the Northern public as it followed family and friends throughout the war. It features a large 1859 map of the eastern United States, with red overprinting to designate railroad tracks, steamboat routes, and telegraph lines. Below the main map, the print also includes four smaller charts, including a military map of Maryland and Virginia, a map of the Union-occupied Fort Pickens at Pensacola, Florida, a general map of the eastern seaboard and a map of Northern military movements between New York and St. Louis. Adorning the print are illustrations of different military drills from Hardee’s Tactics, written by former West Point commandant William Hardee. Ironically, Hardee had been commissioned to write his 1855 manual of military tactics by then-Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, and would later fight for the Confederacy. Two female allegorical personifications of Liberty and Justice are included next to a view of the Capitol Building, envisioned with its dome completed.
Charles Magnus (1826-1900) was born Julian Carl Magnus in Germany and immigrated with his family to New York City sometime between 1848 and 1850. During the 1850s, he learned the printing business while working with his brother on a German language weekly newspaper, the Deutsche Schnellpost. He later began his own lithographer firm, producing city views and commercial letterhead designs. During the Civil War, he designed pro-Union envelopes and illustrated song sheets. From Washington, D.C. branch, he also produced small, hand-colored scenes of Union camps and hospitals. Soldiers purchased these picturesque scenes of camp life to send home to calm the worries of anxious family members.
Location
Currently not on view
Date made
1861
maker
Charles Magnus & Co.
place made
United States: New York, New York
depicted
United States: District of Columbia, Capitol Hill
Measurements
image: 22 1/2 in x 27 in; 57.15 cm x 68.58 cm
ID Number
DL.60.3310
catalog number
60.3310
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
subject
Maps
Chronology: 1860-1869
Uniforms, Military
Costume
Railroads
Civil War
Patriotism and Patriotic Symbols
Architecture, Public Buildings
related event
Civil War
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Measuring & Mapping
Domestic Furnishings
Military
Art
Data Source
National Museum of American History

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