Atlanta, Georgia, View of the City Hall and Public Square with Surrounding Fortifications.

During the war, Atlanta, Georgia, served as a major hub on the railroads supplying the Confederacy. Following a victory at Chattanooga, the Union Army began an invasion of Georgia, commanded by General William Tecumseh Sherman. Several battles outside of Atlanta were followed by a four-month-long siege of the Confederate army there. On September 1, 1864, Confederate General John Bell Hood decided to withdraw his men from the city, and the mayor surrendered to Sherman the next day. This print shows defensive structures that had been erected in the public square. A Union soldier with a sword on his side stands upon one of the ramparts, looking in the direction of two other soldiers who lean against a cannon. The city hall occupies the center of the print and a church is situated to its right. Between these structures, temporary housing has been constructed for the Union troops.
Both Sherman and Grant believed the Union Army would only be victorious if it could completely break the Confederacy both economically and psychologically. From Atlanta, Sherman launched his famous march to the sea, commanding the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of Georgia on a scorched earth campaign through Georgia during the winter of 1864, destroying Southern railroads, telegraph lines, and farms. Upon leaving the city of Atlanta on November 15, he ordered that the city be burnt to the ground, sparing only its churches and hospitals.
This colored lithograph was produced by the Hartford, Connecticut firm of E.B. & E.C. Kellogg. Edmund Burke Kellogg and Elijah Chapman Kellogg were younger brothers of the founder of the Kellogg lithography firm, Daniel Wright Kellogg. After Daniel Wright Kellogg moved west, his two brothers took over the family lithography firm in 1840 and changed the name to E.B. & E.C. Kellogg. They were responsible for the continued success of the family firm and involved in partnerships with Horace Thayer in 1846-47, John Chenevard Comstock in 1848 and William Henry Bulkeley in 1867.
Currently not on view
Date made
E.B. and E.C. Kellogg
place made
United States: Connecticut, Hartford
image: 8 1/2 in x 13 1/4 in; 21.59 cm x 33.655 cm
ID Number
catalog number
Credit Line
Harry T. Peters "America on Stone" Lithography Collection
Architecture, Domestic Buildings
Parks, public
Uniforms, Military
Civil War
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Domestic Furnishings
Peters Prints
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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