United States M1 Rifle

Physical Description
United States M1 .30-caliber rifle.
Specific History
John Garand was a civil service employee. As the chief civilian engineer at the Springfield Armory in Massachusetts, he invented a semiautomatic .30-caliber rifle known as the M1 or the "Garand." His work on this rifle let the United States enter into World War II as the only country with a semiautomatic rifle as standard issue for its troops. Garand received no monetary award other than his modest civil service salary for the M-1 or his numerous other technical innovations related to weapons. A bill was introduced in Congress to grant him $100,000, but it did not pass. However, in 1941 he was awarded a Medal for Meritorious Service. In 1944 he received a U.S. Government Medal for Merit.
General History
The United States M1 Rifle, .30 caliber, is better known as the M1 Garand. This rifle made General George Patton state, "In my opinion, the M1 rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised."
Object Name
rifle, semiautomatic
Garand, J. C.
Springfield Armory
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
steel (overall material)
overall: 6 in x 43 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in; 15.24 cm x 110.49 cm x 8.89 cm
Place Made
United States
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
World War II
The Great Depression and World War II
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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