Model 1842 Pistol Pattern Piece

Physical Description:
This .54 caliber smoothbore percussion U.S. Model 1842 Pistol is a pattern piece made by the Springfield Armory. It has a swivel type steel ramrod with a button head and a threaded end screw. It has a brass barrel band with a strap extension joining the side plate. The brass backstrap extends to the tang. It has a brass blade front sight, and all metal parts finished bright except for the blued trigger.
It is stamped “USM” on the side plate, barrel band, lock plate, trigger guard and tang. The stock by the trigger guard is stamped “S”. The lock plate is stamped “SPRING/FIELD/1842” and “US” under an eagle. The barrel is stamped “US MODEL 1842”, “No 11”, “V” and “P”.
On April 26, 1782 Congress approved the construction of the Springfield Armory as a “good and efficient magazine for the reception of the public ammunition.” It began creating many pistols for U.S. government and military use.
The “USM” and “S” markings all over the pistol identify it as a pattern piece. Pistols like this were sent to contractors from the Springfield Armory so that they could produce identical pistols.
Flayderman, Norm. Flayderman’s Guide to Antique American Firearms…and their Values, Gun Digest Books, Iola, 2007. 9th edition.
Gardner, Robert E. Col. Small Arms Makers: A Directory of Fabricators of Firearms, Edged Weapons, Crossbows and Polearms, Crown Publishers Inc, New York: 1963, p. 185.
Currently not on view
Object Name
pistol, percussion
date made
Springfield Armory
Physical Description
metal (part material)
wood (part material)
overall: 14 in; 35.56 cm
overall: 2 1/4 in x 14 3/4 in x 6 1/8 in; 5.715 cm x 37.465 cm x 15.5575 cm
place made
United States: Massachusetts, Springfield
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
collector/donor number
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
The Bitter Collection of Firearms
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
The Adriana and Edwin W. Bitter Family Collection
Additional Media

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