Andrew Jackson's Sword and Scabbard

Description
Physical Description
Forged steel with metal scabbard.
Specific History
Andrew Jackson carried this sword and scabbard while commanding the American forces, which included Tennessee militia, U.S. regulars, and Cherokee, Choctaw, and Southern Creek Indians during the Creek War and in the War of 1812.
General History
The Creek War began on August 30, 1813, when a faction of Creek known as the Red Sticks attacked a contingent of 553 American settlers at Lake Tensaw, Alabama, north of Mobile. The British were believed to be a main ally of the Indians.
In response to the Alabama attack, Jackson led 5,000 militiamen in the destruction of two Creek villages, Tallasahatchee and Talladega. The fighting lasted into the next year, culminating in Jackson’s troops destroying the Creek defenses at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. On March 27, 1814 the battle ended with 800 Creek warriors killed and 500 women and children captured.
On August 9, 1814, Major General Andrew Jackson signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, ending the Creek War. The agreement provided for the surrender of twenty-three million acres of Creek land to the United States. This vast territory encompassed more than half of present-day Alabama and part of southern Georgia.
Location
Currently on loan
Object Name
sword
used date
1812
user
Jackson, Andrew
Physical Description
steel (overall material)
Measurements
total: 37 1/4 in x 5 in x 3 1/4 in; 94.615 cm x 12.7 cm x 8.255 cm
scabbard: 32 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 82.55 cm x 8.89 cm x 3.175 cm
blade: 32 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 82.55 cm x 3.175 cm
hilt: 5 in x 3 1/4 in; x 12.7 cm x 8.255 cm
associated place
France
used
United States: Alabama
ID Number
AF*32012
catalog number
32012
accession number
68016
subject
National Guard
Presidents
related event
War of 1812
Creek War
Expansion and Reform
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
Military
ThinkFinity
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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