Andrew Jackson's Sword and Scabbard

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Physical Description
Forged steel with metal scabbard.
Specific History
Andrew Jackson carried this sword and scabbard while commanding the American forces, which included Tennessee militia, U.S. regulars, and Cherokee, Choctaw, and Southern Creek Indians during the Creek War and in the War of 1812.
General History
The Creek War began on August 30, 1813, when a faction of Creek known as the Red Sticks attacked a contingent of 553 American settlers at Lake Tensaw, Alabama, north of Mobile. The British were believed to be a main ally of the Indians.
In response to the Alabama attack, Jackson led 5,000 militiamen in the destruction of two Creek villages, Tallasahatchee and Talladega. The fighting lasted into the next year, culminating in Jackson’s troops destroying the Creek defenses at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. On March 27, 1814 the battle ended with 800 Creek warriors killed and 500 women and children captured.
On August 9, 1814, Major General Andrew Jackson signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson, ending the Creek War. The agreement provided for the surrender of twenty-three million acres of Creek land to the United States. This vast territory encompassed more than half of present-day Alabama and part of southern Georgia.
used date
Jackson, Andrew
associated place
United States: Alabama
Physical Description
steel (overall material)
total: 37 1/4 in x 5 in x 3 1/4 in; 94.615 cm x 12.7 cm x 8.255 cm
scabbard: 32 1/2 in x 3 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 82.55 cm x 8.89 cm x 3.175 cm
blade: 32 1/2 in x 1 1/4 in; 82.55 cm x 3.175 cm
hilt: 5 in x 3 1/4 in; x 12.7 cm x 8.255 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
U.S. Department of State
National Guard
related event
War of 1812
Creek War
Expansion and Reform
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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