Andrew Jackson's Uniform Coat with Epaulets

Physical Description
Blue wool uniform coat, gold-colored buttons on jacket front and sleeves. Epaulettes and gold trim at neck and cuffs.
This coat adheres to the 1813 uniform regulations; single-breasted, of dark blue wool, four buttons placed lengthwise on the sleeves and skirts. A gold star is embroidered on each turnback; gold embroidery adorns the collar and cuffs.
Epaulets are bullion and gold lace with cloth strap and gold lace, mounted on board.
Specific History
Andrew Jackson wore this uniform coat at the Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815; it was also worn by Jackson when he sat for his portrait by artist Ralph E. W. Early, about 1815.
Jackson's uniform coat was presented to the National Institution in 1845 by General Thomas H. Bradley on behalf of the citizens of the State of Tennessee. General Bradley requested that the coat be placed "by the side of the one worn by the father of our common country, General George Washington." In 1883, both coats and other artifacts held at the National Institution were transferred to the National Museum.
General History
General Jackson's plans to defend New Orleans were almost thwarted by the British capture of five American gunboats in Lake Borgne in December 1814. In the next major battle during the night of December 23rd, United States and British forces fought on land on the Villeré and adjacent plantations below the city, ending in a stalemate that threw the British off balance and battered their morale.
On December 24, in the city of Ghent, Belgium, the United States and British commissioners met to sign a peace treaty to end the War of 1812. Even as they were meeting, the battle raged on around New Orleans. A major American victory came on New Year's Day, with British casualties outnumbering those on the United States side by more than two to one.
On January 8, 1815, a date marked as the official victory over Britain, two British generals were killed in battle, with a third severely wounded. Britain suffered over 2,000 casualties in the decisive battle, whereas Jackson lost only 71 men. The British forces withdrew, sailing out to sea for good.
Object Name
date made
ca 1812
ca 1813
Jackson, Andrew
Physical Description
wool (overall material)
metal (overall material)
overall: 44 in x 12 in; 111.76 cm x 30.48 cm
United States: Louisiana
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
National Treasures exhibit
War of 1812
Expansion and Reform
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Military
National Treasures exhibit
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Related Publication
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
Publication title
Treasures of American History online exhibition
Publication author
National Museum of American History
Publication URL
Additional Media

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