Sailor's Trousers

Physical Description
Government-issued sailor's trousers, hand-embroidered.
Specific History
Embroidered with patriotic themes and worn by Henry Vincent Gerrodette on special occasions. Gerrodette served on a navy frigate during its attack on California.
General History
To fight Mexico, the United States had to mobilize, equip, and transport a large force, including both army and navy components.
President James Polk planned a complex campaign. He sent one army under Stephen Kearny to capture New Mexico and then march on to California. Commodore John D. Sloat assaulted California from the sea. Zachary Taylor attacked the main Mexican force from the north with a second army. Battles were hard and marches long.
All three thrusts succeeded. Taylor won at Palo Alto and Saltillo. Kearny quickly captured Santa Fe, while the navy and army succeeded in California. Junior officers were of great importance—many had trained at the Military Academy at West Point. At the Battle of Cerro Gordo in 1847, General Winfield Scott demonstrated his effective leadership. Instead of assaulting a larger Mexican force head-on, Scott had his engineers carefully survey and map the area. They helped him find high ground overlooking the enemy. He moved artillery to that position and attacked from two directions, winning the battle.
date made
ca 1840
Gerrodette, Henry Vincent
United States: California
Physical Description
linen (overall material)
overall: 42 in x 25 in x 6 in; 106.68 cm x 63.5 cm x 15.24 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Credit Line
Eleanor V. Gerrodette
related event
Mexican War
Expansion and Reform
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, Naval
The Price of Freedom: Americans at War
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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