1790 - 1810 Glazed Wool Whole Cloth Quilt

Dark blue glazed wool was used for this example of a New England whole cloth quilt. Sometimes labelled a utility quilt, a thick carded wool filling and wool fabrics make it an especially warm bedcover. While it has evidence of many repairs (darning and patches) the wool used for the top still has much of the glazed sheen. Glazing, a process involving the use of a hot press on wool fabric, resulted in a smooth, lustrous fabric surface.
The quilt center is quilted in a clamshell pattern, framed by a 5 ½-inch band of chevrons and diagonal grid quilting. A 16-inch border is quilted in interlocking circles. At some point a segment (16-inches x 18-inches) was cut from a corner. Wool and linen sewing threads and wool quilting threads are an indicator of its late 18th-early 19th century construction.
Currently not on view
Object Name
date made
Physical Description
fabric, wool (overall material)
thread, wool, linen (overall material)
filing, wool (overall material)
overall: 86 in x 85 in; 218 cm x 216 cm
place made
United States: New England
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
New England
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Media

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