1800 - 1850 Quilted Indian Prayer Mat

Description
This intricately designed prayer mat was produced in India and quilted in the first half of the 19th century. The top is a single piece of fabric; a central mihrab (prayer niche) with floral motifs that is framed by several printed borders of various widths. The cotton fabric used for the prayer mat is block-printed, hand-printed, resist-printed, and dyed. Black outlines of stems and leaves and red outlines of flowers are block-printed with a series of small blocks. Resist-painted details were added to flowers before red-dyeing. Blue color appears to be painted. Painted yellow appears in the mihrab and some other areas. The lining is a roller-printed cotton with a small overall floral pattern. It has a cotton filling. The quilting consists of parallel diagonal lines in a running stitch. It is bound with a silk/cotton bias strip. Printed cotton prayer mats were sold and used across the Islamic world.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
mat, quilted
date made
1800-1850
maker
unknown
Physical Description
fabric, cotton (overall material)
thread, cotton, silk (overall material)
filling, cotton (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 53 in x 33 in; 135 cm x 84 cm
place made
India
ID Number
TE*T14440
catalog number
T14440
accession number
275379
subject
Quilting
Textiles
Religion
Quilts
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Quilts
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Additional Media

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