Bowl

Description
This small creamware bowl is decorated with a number of black transfer prints. The central image depicts a chain of fifteen links with a state name on each link, Kentucky and “Tenassee” share a link. The chain surrounds the Great Seal of the United States. On the inside edge of the bowl are four prints of naval and military instruments. Around the outside of the bowl are four prints, a profile portrait of George Washington, a portrait of Benjamin Franklin wearing his famous beaver cap, and two generic prints depicting shepherds and a courtship vignette. The print of Washington included on this bowl is copied from an engraving based on Pierre Eugene Du Simitière’s portrait of Washington executed in black lead on February 1, 1779. The portrait of Franklin on this bowl is based on the 1777 drawing by French artist Charles Nicolas Cochin. This is one of the most famous portraits of Franklin. Both of Franklin’s titles are included here. LLD signifies him as a Doctor of Law and FRS signifies him as a Fellow of the Royal Society due to his scientific discoveries. Robert H. McCauley purchased this bowl from Dr. Emmert C. Stuart of Winchester, VA on December 1, 1940 for $75.00.
This bowl is part of the McCauley collection of American themed transfer print pottery. There is no mark on the bowl to tell us who made it, but it is characteristic of wares made in large volume for the American market in both Staffordshire and Liverpool between 1790 and 1820. Ceramics of this style, with a cream colored glaze over a pale earthenware clay, known as Liverpool type commonly featured transfer prints with subjects commemorating events and significant figures in the early decades of United States’ history. Notwithstanding the tense relationship between Britain and America, Liverpool and Staffordshire printers and potters seized the commercial opportunity offered them in the production of transfer printed earthenwares celebrating the heroes, the military victories, and the virtues of the young republic, and frequently all of these things at once.
Location
Currently not on view
place made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool
Physical Description
monochrome, black (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic, earthenware, refined (overall material)
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
Measurements
overall: 3 15/16 in x 8 7/8 in; 10.00125 cm x 22.5425 cm
ID Number
CE.63.160
catalog number
63.160
accession number
252565
collector/donor number
398
Credit Line
Robert H. McCauley
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Domestic Furnishings
McCauley Liverpool Pottery
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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