Pitcher, "Union to the People"

Description
This transfer printed creamware pitcher is decorated with a maritime print on one side and a print celebrating the new Liberty of the United States on the other side. The maritime design shows a ship under sail. The other side shows three men, likely George Washington, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, clasping hands and holding a liberty pole. A scroll above reads “Union to the People of America” and beneath “Civil and Religious Liberty to all Mankind.”
This pitcher is part of the McCauley collection of American themed transfer print pottery. There is no mark on the pitcher to tell us who made it, but it is characteristic of wares made in large volume for the American market in both Staffordshire and Liverpool between 1790 and 1820. Pitchers of this shape, with a cream colored glaze over a pale earthenware clay, known as Liverpool type, were the most common vessels to feature transfer prints with subjects commemorating events and significant figures in the early decades of United States’ history. Notwithstanding the tense relationship between Britain and America, Liverpool and Staffordshire printers and potters seized the commercial opportunity offered them in the production of transfer printed earthenwares celebrating the heroes, the military victories, and the virtues of the young republic, and frequently all of these things at once.
Location
Currently not on view
place made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool
Physical Description
monochrome, red (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic, earthenware, refined (overall material)
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
Measurements
overall: 6 13/16 in x 7 1/2 in x 5 9/16 in; 17.30375 cm x 19.05 cm x 14.12875 cm
ID Number
CE.63.155
catalog number
63.155
accession number
252565
collector/donor number
41-312
Credit Line
Robert H. McCauley
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Domestic Furnishings
McCauley Liverpool Pottery
Government, Politics, and Reform
American Democracy: A Great Leap of Faith
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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