Pitcher, "The Farmers Arms"

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Description
This creamware pitcher features transfer print decorations on both sides. On the front is a polychromed print of an American sailing ship titled “Superb” underneath. Under the spout is a medallion containing the initials “PC” in script. The Great Seal of the United States is printed below the medallion. On the reverse is a print titled “The Farmer’s Arms” depicting a heraldic coat of arms depicting various farm implements, with a banner below that reads “In God is our Trust.” The coat of arms is flanked by a man with a scythe and a woman with a butter churn. Floral designs decorate the lip and handle of this jug. Maritime designs are especially common on English-made transfer printed creamware meant for the American market. Stock prints of ships, like the one on this example, were repeatedly used by English ceramics printers. Robert H. McCauley purchased this pitcher from Katrinka Kipper of Accord, MA on September 11, 1939 for $80.00.
This pitcher is part of the McCauley collection of American themed transfer print pottery. There is no mark on the pitcher to tell us who made it, but it is characteristic of wares made in large volume for the American market in both Staffordshire and Liverpool between 1790 and 1820. Pitchers of this shape, with a cream colored glaze over a pale earthenware clay, known as Liverpool type, were the most common vessels to feature transfer prints with subjects commemorating events and significant figures in the early decades of United States’ history. Notwithstanding the tense relationship between Britain and America, Liverpool and Staffordshire printers and potters seized the commercial opportunity offered them in the production of transfer printed earthenwares celebrating the heroes, the military victories, and the virtues of the young republic, and frequently all of these things at once.
Location
Currently not on view
place made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool
Physical Description
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
polychrome (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic, earthenware, refined (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 11 in x 9 1/8 in x 6 1/2 in; 27.94 cm x 23.1775 cm x 16.51 cm
ID Number
CE.63.109
catalog number
63.109
accession number
252565
collector/donor number
374
Credit Line
Robert H. McCauley
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Work
Domestic Furnishings
McCauley Liverpool Pottery
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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