Pitcher, "Peace, Commerce, and Friendship"

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This pitcher was likely produced by Francis Morris of Shelton, Staffordshire County, England. The first image depicts a woman and child in a row boat bidding farewell to a sailor who has just set sail. Below the images is the verse “her less’ning boat unwilling rows to land / Adieu she cry’d and wav’d her lilly hand.” Under the spout is a print of the Great Seal of the United States with the most famous line of Thomas Jefferson’s first inaugural address (1801) below it: “Peace, Commerce, and honest Friendship with all Nations. Entangling Alliances with none- JEFFERSON / Anno Domini 1804.” On the reverse of the pitcher is a stock print of an American sailing ship. Finally, below the handle is a small print of three sailors talking, perhaps about recruitment. The edges of the pitcher are hand decorated with dark red ink. Maritime designs are especially common on English-made transfer printed creamware meant for the American market. Stock prints of ships, like the one on this example, were repeatedly used by English ceramics printers.
This pitcher is part of the McCauley collection of American themed transfer print pottery. There is no mark on the pitcher to tell us who made it, but it is characteristic of wares made in large volume for the American market in both Staffordshire and Liverpool between 1790 and 1820. Pitchers of this shape, with a cream colored glaze over a pale earthenware clay, known as Liverpool type, were the most common vessels to feature transfer prints with subjects commemorating events and significant figures in the early decades of United States’ history. Notwithstanding the tense relationship between Britain and America, Liverpool and Staffordshire printers and potters seized the commercial opportunity offered them in the production of transfer printed earthenwares celebrating the heroes, the military victories, and the virtues of the young republic, and frequently all of these things at once.
Currently not on view
place made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool
Physical Description
polychrome (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic, earthenware, refined (overall material)
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
overall: 11 in x 10 3/4 in x 7 in; 27.94 cm x 27.305 cm x 17.78 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
collector/donor number
Credit Line
Robert H. McCauley
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Domestic Furnishings
McCauley Liverpool Pottery
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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