Meissen Böttger porcelain coffeepot

Description
MARKS: None.
PURCHASED FROM: William H. Lautz, New York, 1965.
This coffeepot is from the Smithsonian’s Hans Syz Collection of Meissen Porcelain. Dr. Syz (1894-1991) began his collection in the early years of World War II, when he purchased eighteenth-century Meissen table wares from the Art Exchange run by the New York collector and dealer Adolf Beckhardt (1889-1962). Dr. Syz, a Swiss immigrant to the United States, collected Meissen porcelain while engaged in a professional career in psychiatry and the research of human behavior. He believed that cultural artifacts have an important role to play in enhancing our awareness and understanding of human creativity and its communication among peoples. His collection grew to represent this conviction.
The invention of Meissen porcelain, declared over three hundred years ago early in 1709, was a collective achievement that represents an early modern precursor to industrial chemistry and materials science. The porcelains we see in our museum collections, made in the small town of Meissen in Germany, were the result of an intense period of empirical research. Generally associated with artistic achievement of a high order, Meissen porcelain was also a technological achievement in the development of inorganic, non-metallic materials.
January 15, 1708, is the date for the earliest known recipe for white hard-paste porcelain, but it took five more years of experiments and trials to develop a product for the market. So-called Böttger porcelain denotes the early years of production from 1713 until Böttger’s death in 1719, but versions of his hard-paste porcelain continued in use until the 1730s.
The coffeepot, missing its cover, takes its form from contemporary silver vessels. The raised foliate design applied to the lower section of the pot possibly represents a more naturalistic rendering of the acanthus leaf (acanthus spinosus) or a type of common thistle.The applied decoration is similar to that seen on a Böttger porcelain bowl (ID number CE*75.186).
At the time this coffeepot was made Meissen had not yet developed durable enamel colors for white porcelain.
Tea, coffee, chocolate, and sugar were luxury products for early eighteenth-century consumers, and the equipage for these hot beverages, made in silver and the new ceramic materials like Meissen’s red stoneware and porcelain, was affordable only to the elite of European society. The coffee houses provided more egalitarian sites where men engaged in commerce and professional life drank these beverages poured from tin or copper vessels into cheap earthenware pottery, or in the better establishments from porcelain imported from the Far East. London had the liveliest and most diverse coffee house culture in Europe, but the German city of Leipzig, where Meissen products were first sold was a major center for trade and commerce with several coffee houses of cultural and commercial importance to the city.
On the coffeee house see Ellis, M., 2011, The Coffee House: A Cultural History. See also Weinberg, B.A., Bealer, B.K., 2002, The World of Caffeine:The Science and Culture of the World’s Most Popular Drug.
Hans Syz, J. Jefferson Miller II, Rainer Rückert, 1979, Catalogue of the Hans Syz Collection: Meissen Porcelain and Hausmalerei, pp.42-43.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1713-1720
maker
Meissen Manufactory
place made
Deutschland: Sachsen, Meissen
Physical Description
monochrome, (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic, porcelain, hard-paste (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 6 1/2 in; 16.51 cm
ID Number
CE.75.187
catalog number
75.187
collector/donor number
1466
accession number
319073
Credit Line
Hans C. Syz Collection
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Domestic Furnishings
Art
The Hans C. Syz Collection
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

Comments

Add a comment about this object