Face Vessel

Description
The tradition of shaping human likenesses on ceramic vessels is thousands of years old. Face vessels held different meanings in different cultures around the world. Some were probably used in burial rituals, others satirized the person whose features were captured in clay, and still others were made just for fun.
The earliest face vessels known to have been produced by white southern potters were probably not made until the end of the 1800s. White potters working in the Edgefield area in the mid-1800s may have seen the slave-made vessels and taken the idea with them as they moved out of South Carolina.
Like many southern pottery families, the Brown family encompasses a line of potters generations long. The Browns began making pottery in west-central Georgia by the mid-1800s before migrating east to the Atlanta area after the Civil War. The family spread from there to North and South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, and Texas.
Starting in the 1960s, a growing interest in southern face vessels as examples of 20th-century folk art prompted collectors, historians, and cultural institutions to seek out and encourage the potters who produce them. This piece, on the left, was made by a member of the Brown family in North Carolina, and donated to the Smithsonian by Ralph Rinzler and his wife. Working for the Smithsonian's Office of Folklife Programs, Rinzler was instrumental in the rediscovery and popularization of face vessels.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
face vessel
date made
1967-1968
maker
Brown Pottery
Physical Description
ceramic, earthenware, coarse (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 7 1/4 in x 6 9/16 in; 18.415 cm x 16.66875 cm
place made
United States: North Carolina, Arden
ID Number
1981.0287.6
accession number
1981.0287
catalog number
1981.287.6
subject
Domestic Furnishings
Cultures & Communities
Face Vessels
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Face Vessels
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Ralph and Kathryn Rinzler

Visitor Comments

Add a comment about this object

Submit a comment or ask a question about this object using the form below. Submissions are moderated and may receive a curator response. Please note that we cannot evaluate or appraise your personal artifacts. For other questions or general inquiries please visit our FAQ or contact page.

Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited e-mail. See our privacy policy.

Image CAPTCHA
Enter the characters shown in the image.