Pitcher, "Union of the Two Great Republics"

Description
This creamware pitcher is decorated by two transfer prints. One depicts a portrait of Washington in an oval medallion flanked by the allegorical figures of Justice and Liberty. Justice says “Deafness to the ear that will patiently hear and Dumbness to the Tongue that will utter a Calumny against the Immortal Washington” while Liberty says, “My favorite son.” A scroll underneath the pitcher reads “Long live the president of the United States.” The second transfer print shows a crossed American and French flag next to a sword, a rifle with bayonet, and a liberty cap on a pole. Underneath is a scroll that reads “The Union of the Two Great Republics.
This pitcher is part of the McCauley collection of American themed transfer print pottery. There is no mark on the pitcher to tell us who made it, but it is characteristic of wares made in large volume for the American market in both Staffordshire and Liverpool between 1790 and 1820. Pitchers of this shape, with a cream colored glaze over a pale earthenware clay, known as Liverpool type, were the most common vessels to feature transfer prints with subjects commemorating events and significant figures in the early decades of United States’ history. Notwithstanding the tense relationship between Britain and America, Liverpool and Staffordshire printers and potters seized the commercial opportunity offered them in the production of transfer printed earthenwares celebrating the heroes, the military victories, and the virtues of the young republic, and frequently all of these things at once.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
pitcher
Physical Description
monochrome, black (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic, earthenware, coarse (overall material)
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
Measurements
overall: 6 11/16 in x 7 1/8 in x 4 7/8 in; 16.98625 cm x 18.0975 cm x 12.3825 cm
place made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool
ID Number
CE*63.141
catalog number
63.141
accession number
248619
collector/donor number
44-358
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
Domestic Furnishings
McCauley Liverpool Pottery
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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