Census Jug

Description
Made in England for the American market, this creamware jug commemorates the first census of the United States taken in 1790.
The Constitution, adopted in 1787, mandated that the population of the states be counted every ten years to ensure proper representation in Congress. The first census, undertaken by U.S. marshals on horseback, recorded 3.9 million inhabitants in these categories: heads of families, free white males sixteen and older, free white males younger than sixteen, free white females, all other free persons (by sex and color), and slaves.
Object Name
pitcher
Object Type
creamware
Date made
ca 1790
Physical Description
monochrome, black (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic (overall material)
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
coarse earthenware (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 17.2 cm; 6 25/32 in
Place Made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool, Liverpool
ID Number
CE*78.48
catalog number
78.48
accession number
1978.0806
subject
Domestic Furnishings
Government, Politics, and Reform
National Treasures exhibit
event
First Census of U.S.
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
National Treasures exhibit
Exhibition
Exhibit:
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Related Publication
Kendrick, Kathleen M. and Peter C. Liebhold. Smithsonian Treasures of American History
Publication title
Treasures of American History online exhibition
Publication author
National Museum of American History
Publication URL
http://americanhistory.si.edu/treasures

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