Census Jug

Made in England for the American market, this creamware jug commemorates the first census of the United States taken in 1790.
The Constitution, adopted in 1787, mandated that the population of the states be counted every ten years to ensure proper representation in Congress. The first census, undertaken by U.S. marshals on horseback, recorded 3.9 million inhabitants in these categories: heads of families, free white males sixteen and older, free white males younger than sixteen, free white females, all other free persons (by sex and color), and slaves.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Object Type
Date made
ca 1790
Physical Description
monochrome, black (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic (overall material)
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
coarse earthenware (overall material)
overall: 17.2 cm; 6 25/32 in
Place Made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool, Liverpool
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
related event
First Census of U.S.
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
National Treasures exhibit
Domestic Furnishings
Government, Politics, and Reform
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


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