Census Jug

Made in England for the American market, this creamware jug commemorates the first census of the United States taken in 1790.
The Constitution, adopted in 1787, mandated that the population of the states be counted every ten years to ensure proper representation in Congress. The first census, undertaken by U.S. marshals on horseback, recorded 3.9 million inhabitants in these categories: heads of families, free white males sixteen and older, free white males younger than sixteen, free white females, all other free persons (by sex and color), and slaves.
Date made
ca 1790
Place Made
United Kingdom: England, Liverpool, Liverpool
Physical Description
monochrome, black (overall surface decoration color name)
ceramic (overall material)
transfer printed (overall production method/technique)
coarse earthenware (overall material)
overall: 17.2 cm; 6 25/32 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
related event
First Census of U.S.
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ceramics and Glass
National Treasures exhibit
Domestic Furnishings
Government, Politics, and Reform
Many Voices, One Nation
Many Voices, One Nation
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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