This large, hand-held drum, known in Puerto Rico as a pandereta, is an essential instrument in the musical genre known as plena. The plena was developed by agricultural workers at the end of the 19th century on the southern coast of the island, around the city of Ponce. Considered a national musical genre throughout the 20th century, the plena may have originally reflected musical traditions brought to Puerto Rico by immigrants from other Caribbean islands. This example is from the city of Mayagüez.
Currently not on view
Object Name
drum, pandereta
Date made
20th century
Physical Description
leather (overall material)
aluminum (overall material)
iron (overall material)
overall: 8.5 cm x 27 cm; 3 3/8 in x 10 5/8 in
Place Made
Puerto Rico: Mayagüez-Aguadilla, Mayaguez
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Cultures & Communities
Puerto Rico
Music & Musical Instruments
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Ethnic
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Plena Drum
Credit Line
Gift of Teodoro Vidal

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