“Echo Viol” Patent Model

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Description (Brief)
This “Echo Viol” was patented by Michael H. Collins of Chelsea, Massachusetts and received U.S. Patent number 129,653 on July 23, 1872. Intended as an improvement on the violin, the body consists of two chambers or sounding areas which can be balanced. Collins describes this improvement in his patent application: “This harmonizing or tuning of the two chambers, so as to attain a most perfect clearness and blending of the reverberations or echos emitted from the two chambers, is one of the peculiar features of my invention.” This instrument is made of a body of thin hardwood and spruce, laminated in place with cloth for light weight strength, bridge of laminated wood, finely figured violin neck, pegbox and scroll, and reddish-orange varnish on the neck.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1872
patentee
Collins, Michael H.
Place Made
United States: Massachusetts, Chelsea
Physical Description
hardwood (body material)
spruce (body material)
plywood (bridge material)
Measurements
overall: 25 in x 4 3/4 in x 5 1/4 in; 63.5 cm x 12.065 cm x 13.335 cm
ID Number
MI.251404
catalog number
251404
accession number
48889
patent number
129,653
See more items in
Culture and the Arts: Musical Instruments
Music & Musical Instruments
Violins
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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