Eagle and Deer Coverlet

Description
This blue and white double-woven Jacquard coverlet has two borders: one with deer and trees, and one with eagles and the dome or tower of a building. The words “E Pluribus Unum” (out of many one—our national motto) appear on a ribbon above each eagle. In the lower two corners, the words “Woven At The Ithaca Carpet Factory By Arch’d Davidson 1838” appear. The center of the coverlet features stylized medallions of flowers. This coverlet originally belonged to James Madison Wheeler, grandfather of the donor. Archibald Davidson was born in Scotland in 1771, where he was trained as a weaver. He and his wife Jane had five sons one born in Pennsylvania and the other four in New Jersey. They lived in both Tompkins and Warsaw Counties, New York, as well. The book American Coverlets and Their Weavers , by Clarita S. Anderson, states that in 1832 Archibald Davidson advertised himself in the Ithaca Journal and Daily Advertiser as a “fancy weaver” and went on to inform the public that he had purchased a “patent loom.” In 1849 he advertised for an apprentice, stating that: “None need apply unless well recommended.”
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1838
weaver
Davidson, Archibald
manufacturer
Ithaca Carpet Factory
Associated Place
United States: Connecticut
Physical Description
cotton (overall material)
wool (overall material)
double weave (overall production method/technique)
Measurements
overall: 138 in x 78 in; 350.52 cm x 198.12 cm
ID Number
TE.T11470
catalog number
T11470.000
accession number
212398
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Stephen F. Cameron
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Coverlets
Domestic Furnishings
Textiles
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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