Eagle and Deer Coverlet

This blue and white double-woven Jacquard coverlet has two borders: one with deer and trees, and one with eagles and the dome or tower of a building. The words “E Pluribus Unum” (out of many one—our national motto) appear on a ribbon above each eagle. In the lower two corners, the words “Woven At The Ithaca Carpet Factory By Arch’d Davidson 1838” appear. The center of the coverlet features stylized medallions of flowers. This coverlet originally belonged to James Madison Wheeler, grandfather of the donor. Archibald Davidson was born in Scotland in 1771, where he was trained as a weaver. He married December 10, 1795, Jane McPhail in Philadelphia, PA and they had five sons one born in Pennsylvania and the other four in New Jersey. They lived in both Tompkins and Warsaw Counties, New York, as well. He died January 5, 1854. The book American Coverlets and Their Weavers , by Clarita S. Anderson, states that in 1832 Archibald Davidson advertised himself in the Ithaca Journal and Daily Advertiser as a “fancy weaver” and went on to inform the public that he had purchased a “patent loom.” In 1849 he advertised for an apprentice, stating that: “None need apply unless well recommended.”
Currently not on view
date made
Davidson, Archibald
Ithaca Carpet Factory
Associated Place
United States: Connecticut
Physical Description
cotton (overall material)
wool (overall material)
double weave (overall production method/technique)
overall: 138 in x 78 in; 350.52 cm x 198.12 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Stephen F. Cameron
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source
National Museum of American History