William Craig; coverlet; Figured and Fancy; double-cloth; 1850; Indiana

Description
William Craig, Sr. (1800-1880) wove this rust, white and blue, double-cloth coverlet. The centerfield design is composed of floral and foliate carpet medallions. There are borders along three sides. The two side borders feature vertically-oriented flowering urns. The lower border features pairs of confronted birds, possibly doves, perched on flowers. Between those pairs of birds is an Asian, Chinoiserie or Ottoman-style domed building underneath what appears to be a Mediterranean castle. The corner blocks are curiously mosques topped with onion domes and crescent moons. William Craig is know to have used this cornerblock trademark. The date 1850 appears in the two lower corners. There is fringe along the lower border. This coverlet belonged to the grandmother of the donor, Jane Russell of Clinton County, Indiana.
The Craig Family weavers consist of Scottish-born, William Craig, Sr. (1800-1880), Scottish-born cousin, James Craig (1819-1896), William Craig, Jr. (1824-1880), and James Craig (1823-1889) make up the two generations of weavers who intermarried with other Scottish immigrant weaving families, dominating the coverlet market in Floyd, Decatur, and Washington counties in Indiana. It is almost certain that their regional influence extended into Western Kentucky as well. The Craigs were prodigious weavers and entrepreneurs and the number of extant coverlets attest to this fact.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1850
maker
Craig, William
place made
United States: Indiana, Decatur
Physical Description
cotton, wool (overall material)
Figured and Fancy (overall style)
double weave (overall production method/technique)
Measurements
overall: 86 in x 64 1/2 in; 218.44 cm x 163.83 cm
ID Number
TE.T12728
catalog number
T12728.000
accession number
239334
Credit Line
Gift of Miss Nettie R. Jenkins
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Coverlets
Domestic Furnishings
Textiles
Data Source
National Museum of American History

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