"Agriculture and Industry" coverlet, Figured and Fancy; double-cloth; 1836; New York

An unknown weaver created this red and white, Figured and Fancy, double-cloth coverlet featuring a “Double Rose” with a dotted ground centerfield, commonly found in New York coverlets. There are eagles, stars, Masonic symbols, and Federal-style buildings repeated in all four borders. These words are woven into to each corner, “AGRICULTURE & MANUFACTURES, ARE THE FOUNDATION OF OUR INDEPENDENCE July 4, 1836.” This cotton and wool, double-woven Jacquard coverlet was made for C. Collings in 1836 in New York State. This coverlet design has been replicated numerous times dated from 1824-1840 and appears in major museums across the country. This design was initially associated with weaver, James Alexander of New York, but the consensus has changed. This group of coverlets was possibly woven by more than one weaver whose identities have not been found. The floral medallions harken back to Scottish and English double-woven, ingrain carpet designs. See also, T16116 and T18131.
Currently not on view
date made
Collings, C.
place woven
United States: New York
Physical Description
cotton, wool (overall material)
"Double Tulip" (overall pattern)
Figured and Fancy (overall style)
double cloth (overall production method/technique)
overall: 94 in x 78 in; 238.76 cm x 198.12 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Charles Nagel
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source
National Museum of American History


"This coverlet was likely woven for C. Colling rather than by C .Colling. According to my research and to the best of my knowledge no coverlet weaver named C Colling has ever been identified. However, there are many almost-identical coverlets of this pattern all with different names, That alone indicates that the name is the owner, not the weaver. "

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