Jacob Saylor Coverlet

Description
Jacob Saylor wove this Jacquard, double-cloth coverlet in North Liberty Township, Knox County, Ohio in 1853. It is possible to know this because of the woven inscription found in the coverlet’s two lower cornerblocks. The corner block says, “Maide by/ Jacob.Sayl/or North Lib/erty Knox/ County Ohio 1853.” The side borders feature a “Double Rose and Carnation” pattern and lower border features stylized fruit tree and folk motifs. The centerfield is made up of lobed medallions in a carpet medallion arrangement. Inside the medallions can be found a variation of the “Double Rose” pattern accented with what appears to be stalks of wheat. Tied-Beiderwand is a complex weave structure where dedicated warp yarns tie together sections of the textile that would otherwise be double-cloth. The red, gold, and blue horizontal banding is suggestive or Saylor’s Pennsylvania origins and the wool yarn used is 2-ply, S-twist, Z-spun. The cotton yarns used are all 3-ply, S-twist, Z-spun. The coverlet has a center seam and measures eighty-eighty by seventy-eight inches.
There are several Jacob Saylors (Saylers) in Ohio that appear on the 1850 and 1860 Federal Census. None of these Jacobs is recorded as being a weaver, which is very common, especially in the availability of affordable land in the Midwest. Weaving would have only be a portion of the family income. More research is needed to determine exactly which Jacob Saylor is the correct one. Clarita Anderson reports that he was active in Stark, Knox, and Pickaway counties. John Heisey used a history of Pickaway County to conclude that Saylor moved to Ohio from Somerset County, Pennsylvania during the War of 1812. So far, no definite match has been found. More research is needed to determine which Jacob Saylor wove this coverlet.
Location
Currently not on view
date made
1853
maker
Saylor, Jacob
place made
United States: Ohio, North Liberty
Associated Place
United States: Ohio
Physical Description
jacquard (overall production method/technique)
tied-Beiderwand (overall production method/technique)
wool, cotton (overall material)
red, gold, blue. white (overall color)
Measurements
overall: 88 in x 78 in; 223.52 cm x 198.12 cm
ID Number
TE.T13999
catalog number
T13999.000
accession number
269209
Credit Line
Gift of Maris M. Proffit in memory of Mrs. Maris M. Proffitt
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Home and Community Life: Textiles
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Domestic Furnishings
Textiles
Data Source
National Museum of American History