John McLaughlin; coverlet; Figured and Fancy, double cloth; 1848; Ohio

Scottish immigrant weaver, John McLaughlin (b. 1788) is almost certainly the weaver of this red and white, Figured and Fancy, double cloth coverlet. The centerfield design is made up of two variations of the “Double Rose” carpet medallion pattern and is smaller sunburst medallions complete the centerfield design. There are borders along three sides, each depicting rows of floral designs between sawtooth designs and atop diamond tracery. The cornerblock inscriptions read, “Pyna.Rose/Wove.In/Logan Co/Ohio.By/I.M./1848.” Pyna Rose refers to this particular pattern and I.M. are James McLaughlin’s initials, the I being traditionally interchangeable with the J. The 1850 Federal Census records McLauglin as a weaver outside of Bellefontaine in Jefferson Township, Logan County, Ohio with real estate valued at $2000. An 1851 newspaper advertisement in the Logan Gazette lists a man named Niven as either a business partner or retailer for McLaughlin’s “Flowered and Double Coverlets.” McLaughlin’s extant coverlets date from 1847-1853, but he appears to have stopped using the I.M. initials in 1849. The coverlet measures 87 inches by 75 inches and was constructed from two panels.
Currently not on view
date made
I. M.
place woven
United States: Ohio, Logan county
Physical Description
double weave (overall production method/technique)
cotton, wool (overall material)
overall: 88 in x 75 in; 223.52 cm x 190.5 cm
fringe, sides: 2 in; 5.08 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
gift of Mrs. Jessie F. Tracy
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Domestic Furnishings
Data Source
National Museum of American History


I have an identical coverlet dated 1847. The color scheme differs but the design is identical. It is dated 1847 and has the "pyna rosc " in the corner block along with woven in Logan Co. by W. Buechel. The similarities point to a connection.

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