Mary Louisa McCully's sampler

Description
This sampler features a picture of two children, a dog, a parrot, and a butterfly in a garden with a floral border. A dog symbolizes fidelity and watchfulness, a parrot suggests talkativeness, and a butterfly symbolizes immortality. These are appropriate motifs to go with young children. Mary worked her sampler in Patterson, New Jersey. Patterson was home to many textiles mills in 1840 and that may have been the reason her family came to live there. Her pattern was probably a Berlin wool work pattern. In 1820 with the introduction of Berlin wools comes the name Berlin wool work patterns. These patterns were hand painted on graph paper. The sampler is stitched with wool and silk embroidery thread on a cotton canvas ground with a thread count of warp 24, weft 24/in. The stitches used are cross, crosslet.
Mary Louisa McCully was a cousin of Frank H. McCully, in whose memory the sampler was donated to the Smithsonian.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
embroidery, Berlin woolwork
sampler
date made
1840
maker
McCully, Mary Louisa
Physical Description
cotton (canvas ground material)
wool (thread material)
silk (thread material)
Measurements
overall: 15 1/4 in x 19 1/2 in; 38.735 cm x 49.53 cm
place made
United States: New Jersey, Paterson
ID Number
TE*T08229
catalog number
T8229
accession number
147229
subject
Textiles
Samplers
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Textiles
Samplers
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of Mrs. Laura J. Wasser, in memory of Frank H. McCully

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