Ship Model, SS Frisia

This model is a cutaway of the German steamship Frisia. Originally launched as the Alsatia, the Frisia was a transatlantic passenger ship, with room for 820 passengers. Built in 1872 by Caird & Co. in Scotland, Frisia was owned by the Hamburg-American Line. Rigged for both sail and steam power, the Frisia could make the Atlantic crossing in about 12 days.
Many of the passengers who traveled aboard the Frisia were immigrants bound for America. In 1876, a group of some 70 Russian immigrants boarded the Frisia in Hamburg, Germany. Originally from Kratzke, a city in Russia near the Volga River, these men, women, and children left their homes with hopes of owning farmland in the United States. Upon arriving in New York, the Kratzke immigrants traveled west and settled in Russell County, Kansas, in October 1876. Although life was hard on the prairie, most immigrants did not return to their homeland. More Russian immigrants arrived in December 1876, and together they founded the Bender Hill community in Kansas.
The Frisia was one of the last iron steamships of its era. Shortly afterwards, steel-hulled ships became standard. Following its run as an immigrant ship, the Frisia was renamed and sold to Italian owners who converted it into a coal carrier. In 1902, the SS Frisia, then known as the Arno, was scrapped in Italy.
Date made
ca 1975
SS Frisia built
SS Frisia scrapped
made for
Division of the History of Technology. Transportation
built SS Frisia
Caird & Co.
owned SS Frisia
Hamburg-American Line
place made
Deutschland: Hamburg, Hamburg
SS Frisia built
United Kingdom: Scotland
SS Frisia scrapped
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
fabric (overall material)
metal (overall material)
overall: 39 in x 90 in x 9 in; 99.06 cm x 228.6 cm x 22.86 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
related event
The Development of the Industrial United States
See more items in
Work and Industry: Maritime
On the Water exhibit
Family & Social Life
On the Water
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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