Zouave Uniform

General History
The uniform of the 5th New York Volunteer Infantry (Duryée's Zouaves), 1861, consisted of a distinctive jacket, vest, sash, baggy trousers, and fez. The Zouave uniform adopted on both sides by many volunteer units during the first year of the Civil War was based on that of the elite Zouave battalion of the French Army, whose dashing appearance matched its fighting abilities. In their turn, the French Zouaves modeled their uniform and drill after the native dress and fearless tactics of their former Algerian opponents, encountered in the course of the colonial war of the 1830s.
Currently not on view
associated place
United States: New York
overall: 18 1/2 in x 21 in; 46.99 cm x 53.34 cm
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
related event
Civil War
Civil War and Reconstruction
See more items in
Armed Forces History: Armed Forces History, General
Clothing & Accessories
Data Source
National Museum of American History


"I have also heard that women could be Zouaves, which I think is a pretty remarkable history to go with these garments!"

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