Liotta-Cooley Artificial Heart

Description
This is the first total artificial heart implanted in a human body. It was developed by Domingo Liotta and implanted by surgeon Denton Cooley (1920-2016) on April 4, 1969, at St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital in Houston. The recipient, Haskell Karp, lived for sixty-four hours with the artificial heart pumping oxygenated blood through his body until a human heart was available for transplant.
Although Karp died soon after receiving a real heart, and some criticized the surgery as unethical because it was without formal review by the medical community, the procedure demonstrated the viability of artificial hearts as a bridge to transplant in cardiac patients.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
artificial heart
heart, artificial
date made
1969
maker
Liotta, Domingo
Physical Description
dacron (overall material)
polyurethane (overall material)
silastic (overall material)
Measurements
overall, as stored: 7 1/2 in x 9 in x 6 1/2 in; 19.05 cm x 22.86 cm x 16.51 cm
overall: 18.7 cm x 22.8 cm x 16.4 cm; 7 3/8 in x 8 31/32 in x 6 15/32 in
place made
United States: Texas, Houston
ID Number
1978.1002.01
accession number
1978.1002
catalog number
1978.1002.01
subject
Cardiology
Surgery
Cardiology
Surgery
Health Care
Artificial Organs
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
National Treasures exhibit
Health & Medicine
Government, Politics, and Reform
Artificial Hearts
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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