Carrel-Lindbergh perfusion pump

This perfusion pump was invented by aviator Charles Lindbergh and Dr. Alexis Carrel, recipient of the 1912 Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine for his work in vascular surgery.
The glass pump was used to preserve animal organs outside the body, by pushing "artificial blood" through the pump and into the organ by way of a tube connected to the organ's artery keeping the organ alive for weeks. The Lindbergh-Carrel perfusion pump led to the development of the heart-lung machine and the feasibility of stopping the heart for open-heart surgery.
Object Name
perfusion pump
date made
ca 1935
Lindbergh, Charles A.
Hopf, Otto
Physical Description
glass (overall material)
overall: 45 cm x 20 cm x 11 cm; 17 23/32 in x 7 7/8 in x 4 11/32 in
place made
United States: New York, New York
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
Artificial Organs
Artificial Hearts
Health & Medicine
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Medicine
Artificial Hearts
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Georgetown University
Related Publication
Hallowell, Christopher. Charles Lindbergh's Artificial Heart

Visitor Comments

4/11/2014 12:32:27 AM
Did any of these devices ever receive a patent?
Add a comment about this object

**Please read before submitting the form**

Have a comment or question about this object to share with the community? Please use the form below. Selected comments will appear on this page and may receive a museum response (but we can't promise). Please note that we generally cannot answer questions about the history, rarity, or value of your personal artifacts.

Have a question about anything else, or would you prefer a personal response? Please visit our FAQ or contact page.

Personal information will not be shared or result in unsolicited e-mail. See our privacy policy.

Enter the characters shown in the image.