Marchant Model XL Calculating Machine

Description
This lever-set, non-printing, manually operated pinwheel calculating machine has a metal housing painted black. Near the center of the machine are nine rotating levers for entering numbers. An entry register is above the levers, and a zeroing bar in front of them. The nine-window revolution register is right of the levers. The operating crank is on the right side, along with a zeroing knob for the revolution register. Between the entry levers and the revolution register is a knob which can be set on multiplication or division.
In front of the levers is a carriage with the 18 wheels of the result register, as well as a handle for zeroing this register. The carriage shift lever is at the front of the machine. All three registers have sliding decimal markers.
A metal plate to the left of the levers reads: MARCHANT (/) CALCULATORS (/) SIMPLICITY (/) ACCURACY (/) SPEED. A mark on the back reads: MARCHANT. Another mark there reads: MANUFACTURED BY (/) MARCHANT CALCULATING MACHINE CO. (/) OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA U.S.A. (/) PATENTED IN UNITED STATES & FOREIGN COUNTRIES (/) UNITED STATES 1,476,197 DEC 4. 1923 (/) AUSTRALIA 5,861 March 2. 1922 (/) CANADA 239,984 MAY 13. 1924 (/) CHILE 4,884 OCT 18. 1922 (/) GREAT BRITAIN 185,852 June 14. 1921 (/) HOLLAND & COLONIES 11,299 April 16. 1924 (/) JAPAN 40,871 NOV. 30 1921 (/) SOUTH AFRICA 78 JAN 27. 1922 (/) OTHER UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN PATENTS (/) ISSUED AND PENDING. The serial number, stamped on the base, is XL92485.
The Marchant Manufacturing Company of Oakland, California began manufacturing calculating machines in 1911. As the marks on this machine indicate, by the 1920s it was selling machines across the globe. According to the accession file, this machine was acquired by the Smithsonian in 1928 for $208.25. It was used from that time until 1964 by William Johnson for calculations relating to Smithsonian finances, and transferred to the collections when Mr. Johnson retired.
References:
Accession file.
J. H. McCarthy, The American Digest of Business Machines, Chicago: American Exchange Service, 1924, p. 549.
Location
Currently on loan
Object Name
calculating machine
date made
1928
maker
Marchant Calculating Machine Co.
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
rubber (overall material)
plastic (overall material)
wood (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 16.5 cm x 34 cm x 15.3 cm; 6 1/2 in x 13 3/8 in x 6 1/32 in
place made
United States: California, Oakland
ID Number
MA*325764
catalog number
325764
accession number
257691
maker number
XL92485
subject
Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Calculating Machines
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Calculating Machines
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Transfer from Smithsonian Institution, Fiscal Division
Additional Media

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