Cylinder, Ross Solid #8

This is the eighth in a series of models illustrating the volume of solids designed by William Wallace Ross, a school superintendent and mathematics teacher in Fremont, Ohio.
The unpainted wooden model is in the shape of a cylinder. Inscribed on the top of the cylinder is a square, with its diagonals indicated. An incomplete paper tag reads: C [. . .] R 3x6 [. . .] (/) When the [. . .] of the prism become infinite, it becomes a cylinder, the perimeter of a prism with an infinite number of sides being termed the circumference.
In the series of plane figures, Ross compared the area of a circle to the area of circumscribing polygons of increasing numbers of sides. To demonstrate the volume of a cylinder, he compared it to various regular prisms inscribed in it. This model suggests how a square pyramid might be inscribed in a cylinder.
Compare 1985.0112.208 and 1985.0112.210. For further information about Ross models, including references, see 1985.0112.191.
Currently not on view
Object Name
geometric model
date made
ca 1895
Ross, W. W.
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
overall: 15 cm x 7.3 cm x 7.3 cm; 5 29/32 in x 2 7/8 in x 2 7/8 in
place made
United States: Ohio, Fremont
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Arithmetic Teaching
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


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