Cylinder, Ross Solid #8

This is the eighth in a series of models illustrating the volume of solids designed by William Wallace Ross, a school superintendent and mathematics teacher in Fremont, Ohio.
The unpainted wooden model is in the shape of a cylinder. Inscribed on the top of the cylinder is a square, with its diagonals indicated. An incomplete paper tag reads: C [. . .] R 3x6 [. . .] (/) When the [. . .] of the prism become infinite, it becomes a cylinder, the perimeter of a prism with an infinite number of sides being termed the circumference.
In the series of plane figures, Ross compared the area of a circle to the area of circumscribing polygons of increasing numbers of sides. To demonstrate the volume of a cylinder, he compared it to various regular prisms inscribed in it. This model suggests how a square pyramid might be inscribed in a cylinder.
Compare 1985.0112.208 and 1985.0112.210. For further information about Ross models, including references, see 1985.0112.191.
Currently not on view
date made
ca 1895
Ross, W. W.
place made
United States: Ohio, Fremont
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
overall: 15 cm x 7.3 cm x 7.3 cm; 5 29/32 in x 2 7/8 in x 2 7/8 in
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
Gift of Wesleyan University
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Science & Mathematics
Arithmetic Teaching
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center


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