Ritty Model 1 Cash Register, Possibly a Replica

Description
After the Civil War, as American cities and businesses grew, business owners increasingly hired strangers to assist customers. At the time, it was all too easy for clerks and barkeepers to keep part of the money they received. The cash register, invented by the Ritty brothers of Dayton, Ohio, had a large display to indicate the sums customers paid. It also had a locked compartment that tallied total receipts. This is the Rittys' first machine, or an early replica of it. It was the basis for a commercial product called "Ritty's Incorruptible Cashier."
By 1884 the Rittys were out of business, but their patents were purchased by the National Cash Register Company. NCR made and sold much improved cash registers. By 1904, they were ready to convey the history of their company by showing this model at the St. Louis World's Fair. NCR went on to successfully make not only cash registers and accounting machines but electronic computers.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
cash register
date made
ca 1904
maker
National Cash Register Company
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
glass (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 50.5 cm x 55.5 cm x 36 cm; 19 7/8 in x 21 7/8 in x 14 3/16 in
place made
United States: Ohio, Dayton
ID Number
MA*316700
accession number
225455
catalog number
316700
subject
Computers & Business Machines
Mathematics
Business
Cash and Credit Registers
American Enterprise
event
Louisiana Purchase Exposition
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Cash and Credit Registers
American Enterprise
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of National Cash Register Company
Related Publication
Kidwell, Peggy A. and Cerruzi, Paul E.. Landmarks in Digital Computing: A Smithsonian Pictorial History
Additional Media

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