Painting - Star Construction

Description
Crockett Johnson's interest in regular polygons included the pentagram, or five-pointed star. The relation between the pentagon and the star is simple. If each side of a regular pentagon is extended, a regular five-pointed star results. Similarly, connecting each diagonal of a regular pentagon creates a regular five-pointed star. The star will have a pentagon in it, so the method is self-perpetuating.
A method for a pentagram's construction in described in Book IV, Proposition II of Euclid's Elements, but the construction illustrated in this painting is the artist's own creation. It builds on the relationship between the sides of a regular five-pointed star and the golden ratio. As Crockett Johnson may have recalled from his earlier paintings, the five rectangles that surround the central pentagon of the star are golden, that is to say the ratio of the length of the two equal sides of the triangle to the side of the enclosed pentagon is (1 + √5) / 2. Hence one can construct the star by finding a line segment divided in this ratio. No figure by Crockett Johnson showing his construction has been found.
The pentagram, executed appropriately enough in hues of gold, contrasts vividly with the purple background in Star Construction.
The painting is #103 in the series. It is in oil or acrylic on pressed wood and has a gold-colored metal frame. The painting is unsigned and undated. Compare #46 (1979.1093.33) and #64 (1979.1093.39).
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
painting
date made
1970-1975
painter
Johnson, Crockett
Physical Description
masonite (substrate material)
metal (frame material)
Measurements
overall: 51.5 cm x 60.5 cm x 2.5 cm; 20 1/4 in x 23 13/16 in x in
ID Number
1979.1093.70
catalog number
1979.1093.70
accession number
1979.1093
subject
Art
Science & Mathematics
Crockett Johnson
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Mathematics
Crockett Johnson
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Ruth Krauss in memory of Crockett Johnson

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