Telegraph Sounder

Description (Brief)
Telegraph sounders convert electrical pulses into audible sounds and are used to receive Morse code messages. The message travels as a series of electrical pulses through a wire. Short pulses make a dot, slightly longer pulses make a dash. The sequence of dots and dashes represent letters and numbers. The pulses energize the sounder’s electromagnets which move a lever-arm. The arm makes a loud “click” when it strikes a crossbar and the operator translates the pattern of sounds into the original language. The type 1-B sounder was a very common model for main line use. This unit was inspected by Western Electric, probably during the time the Bell System owned Western Union.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
telegraph receiver
telegraph sounder
maker
J. H. Bunnell & Co.
Physical Description
wood (overall material)
brass (overall material)
rubber (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 6 in x 4 in x 3 in; 15.24 cm x 10.16 cm x 7.62 cm
ID Number
EM*332220
accession number
294351
catalog number
332220
collector/donor number
06-15
See more items in
Work and Industry: Electricity
Communications
Telegraph Sounders
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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