The "Cheerie" Toastove

Description
Circular, combination electric flatbed toaster and stove. Consists of a circular block of white refractory material with nickel-chromium resistance wire coil inset into a spiral groove on top and four cabriole wire legs ending in black, hard rubber feet attached to underside. Removable exterior frame with wire grid has a vertical rectangular, embossed metal plate riveted to exterior: “HOSKINS/ELECTRIC/TOASTOVE/TYPE DA NO. \1/U.S. PATENTS/FEB. 6, 06/APR. 30, 07/MAY 14, 07/JUL. 9, 07/110V. 4.5A/HOSKINS MFG. C\O./ELECTRIC HEATING/APPLIANCES/DETROIT”. Spiral-pattern, brown and yellow cloth covered cord with a Cutler-Hammer, 250-volt/6-ampere, gray-blue glazed porcelain pendant push-button switch; replaced General Electric two-pronged black plug marked “PATENT/1611014”.
Patents:
US 811859 A, Feb 6, 1906, Albert L. Marsh of Lake Bluff, IL, assignor to the Hoskins Company of Chicago, IL, for "Electric resistance element”
US 852338 A, Apr. 30, 1907, Albert L. Marsh of Lake Bluff, IL, assignor to the Hoskins Company of Chicago, IL, for “Electric stove”
US 853891 A, May 14, 1907, Albert L. Marsh of Lake Bluff, IL, assignor to the Hoskins Company of Chicago, IL, for “Electric resistance element”
US 859608 July 9, 1907, Albert L. Marsh of Lake Bluff, IL, assignor to the Hoskins Company of Chicago, IL for "Electric resistance element”
US 1611014 Dec. 14, 1926, Walter A. Frantz for “Cord terminal”
According to the catalogue card, an advertising flyer in the object file lists this stove as being sold for $5.00 in 1907.
Maker is Hoskins Manufacturing Company, formed circa 1905 after Illinois inventor William Hoskins (along with Albert L. Marsh, a metallurgist), patented a new alloy of nickel and chromium, which they named “Nichrome.” Formed to produce high temperature electric lab furnaces, some attribute the first commercially successful electric bread toaster (circa 1907) to Hoskins Manufacturing. The patent for Nichrome was eventually sold to General Electric.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
table stove, electric
date appliance and switch made
1909 - 1910
date plug made
ca 1926
appliance maker
Hoskins Manufacturing Company
switch maker
Cutler-Hammer Mfg. Co.
plug maker
General Electric Company
Physical Description
chrome or nickle plate (circular frame with grate; legs material)
wire, nichrome or chromel (heating wire material)
ceramic (heating block material)
cloth (cord covering material)
porcelain (switch material)
rubber (feet; plug body or cover material)
brass (plug prongs material)
Measurements
table stove, electric: 13.5 cm x 18.8 cm; 5 5/16 in x 7 3/8 in
toaster stored with wrapped up electric cord: 5 3/8 in x 10 7/8 in x 6 1/2 in; 13.6525 cm x 27.6225 cm x 16.51 cm
place appliance made
United States: Michigan, Detroit
place switch made
United States: Wisconsin, Milwaukee
ID Number
DL*60.0062
catalog number
60.0062
accession number
225029
subject
Domestic Furnishings
See more items in
Home and Community Life: Domestic Life
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Gift of Hoskins Manufacturing Company
Additional Media

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