Model D-12 Electric Toaster

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Description (Brief)
In 1905 inventor Albert Marsh developed a special type of wire by combining nickel and chromium. His new nichrome wire could be heated by an electric current and cooled repeatedly in the presence of oxygen without burning out, perfect for making heating elements. This electric toaster made by General Electric around 1910 has four heating elements with the wire wrapped around forms made of heat-resistant mica. The floral design painted in the ceramic base was an optional feature as most model D-12 toasters came with a plain white base.
date made
General Electric Company
Physical Description
metal (overall material)
porcelain (overall material)
nichrome (overall material)
mica (overall material)
overall: 7 in x 8 in x 4 in; 17.78 cm x 20.32 cm x 10.16 cm
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Credit Line
from Charles Howell
See more items in
Work and Industry: Electricity
Domestic Furnishings
American Enterprise
American Enterprise
Exhibition Location
National Museum of American History
Data Source
National Museum of American History


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