Hanks Surveyor's Compass

Description
Benjamin Hanks (1755-1824) apprenticed with Thomas Harland, an English clock maker who had recently migrated to Norwich, Conn. By 1777 Hanks was in business on his own in Windham, Conn. Like many American mechanics of that time, Hanks applied his skills in several directions. While specializing in clocks and watches, for instance, he asked the General Assembly to supply funds so that he could construct looms for weaving stockings. Hanks moved to Litchfield in 1780, and advertised surveyor's compasses in 1785. In 1786 he began casting bells. In 1808, now living in Mansfield and working in partnership with his son Julius, Hanks was making vernier compasses or, as he advertised, “surveyor's compasses upon the Rittenhouse improved plan.”
This compass was probably made early in Hanks's career. The face reads clockwise, and the bar is narrow. The north metal brace bears the inscription “HANKS.” One unusual feature is the clinometer scale at the south end of the face, which could be used to measure vertical angles; the clinometer needle is missing.
Ref: Penrose R. Hoopes, Connecticut Clockmakers of the Eighteenth Century (Hartford, 1930), pp. 79-83.
Charles E. Smart, American Surveying Instruments and Their Makers (Troy, 1962), pp. 70-71.
Location
Currently not on view
Object Name
compass
maker
Hanks, Benjamin
Measurements
overall length: 12 5/8 in; 32.0675 cm
needle: 5 3/8 in; 13.6525 cm
place made
United States: Connecticut, Mansfield
ID Number
1981.0182.01
accession number
1981.0182
catalog number
1981.0182.01
subject
Measuring & Mapping
Surveying and Geodesy
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Surveying and Geodesy
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
cited
Smart, Charles E.. American Surveying Instruments and Their Makers
maker referenced
Hoopes, Penrose R.. Connecticut Clockmakers of the Eighteenth Century
Additional Media

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