Secoes Holland Circle

In the late 16th century, a Dutch scholar and instrument maker named Gemma Frisius suggested that a good surveying instrument could be made by attaching a magnetic compass to the back of an astrolabe. Building on this idea, Jan Dou designed an instrument with two pairs of fixed sights attached to a graduated circle, and another pair of sights attached to either end of a movable alidade. Dou published an account of this instrument in Dutch in 1612, and the form became popular with surveyors in the Netherlands. The name Holland Circle was coined in the 19th century. The Holland Circle is similar to but easily distinguishable from the common theodolite.
The outer circle of this Holland circle is graduated every thirty minutes, and has additional scales for tangents, sines, and secants. The small compass in the center has a fleur–de–lis at north, and an offset line probably indicating magnetic variation. The signature reads "JACOB SECOES" and "ANNO 1622."
Currently not on view
date made
Secoes, Jacob
place made
Nederland: Holland
overall: 9 3/8 in; 23.8125 cm
overall in case: 4 5/16 in x 11 in x 11 1/4 in; 10.95375 cm x 27.94 cm x 28.575 cm
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catalog number
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Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Measuring & Mapping
Surveying and Geodesy
Data Source
National Museum of American History