Troughton & Simms Theodolite

This is a standard theodolite as made by Troughton & Simms in the second quarter of the 19th century. The horizontal circle is silvered, graduated to 20 minutes, and read by two verniers with magnifiers to 20 seconds. The vertical arc is graduated and read in a similar manner. The scale "Diff. of Hypo. & Base" that appears on the back of the vertical arc is used to correlate the angle of elevation or depression with horizontal distances when surveying sloping ground. The instrument is marked "Troughton & Simms LONDON" and "No. 1" (which was probably added by a former owner).
Currently not on view
Object Name
date made
Troughton and Simms
overall: 13 1/2 in; 34.29 cm
horizontal circle: 8 1/2 in; 21.59 cm
needle: 4 in; 10.16 cm
telescope: 13 7/8 in; 35.2425 cm
hanging level: 6 1/8 in; 15.5575 cm
place made
United Kingdom: England, London
ID Number
catalog number
accession number
Measuring & Mapping
Surveying and Geodesy
See more items in
Medicine and Science: Physical Sciences
Surveying and Geodesy
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
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