Integral compact fluorescent lamp

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Description
Thomas Edison began selling his incandescent lamp in 1880 and only a few years later introduced a version with a silver coating on the back that served as a reflector. Almost exactly 100 years later (1981) Philips began selling their SL-18 compact fluorescent lamp and within a few years introduced a version with a built-in reflector—the lamp seen here.
Reflector lamps have been most often sold as either spot lights that throw a narrow beam of light, or as flood lights that throw a broader beam. Engineers alter the shape of the reflector to create different beam patterns. In an incandescent lamp they typically place the filament at a focal point so as to get as much light as possible to travel along the path they've designed. Making a compact fluorescent reflector lamp was something of a challenge since the folded-tube that radiates the light is long and is not considered "a point-source" of light. The ridges seen on the outside of the silver reflector also appear inside and help direct the light from the tube out of the lamp.
Lamp characteristics: Brass, medium-screw base with plastic skirt that houses a magnetic ballast, and a starter. Fluorescent tube includes two electrodes, mercury, and a phosphor coating. An R-shaped plastic envelope serves as a reflector and is enclosed with a plastic cover. Rating: 18 watts, 120 volts.
Date made
ca 1985
date made
ca. 1985
maker
Philips Lighting Company
Physical Description
plastic (overall material)
glass (overall material)
mercury (overall material)
metal (overall material)
Measurements
overall: 7 1/2 in x 5 in; 19.05 cm x 12.7 cm
ID Number
1997.0389.36
catalog number
1997.0389.36
accession number
1997.0389
Credit Line
from Philips Lighting Co.
See more items in
Work and Industry: Electricity
Energy & Power
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center

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