United States, One Cent, New Hampshire Copper Pattern, 1776

Produced at William Moulton's private mint. Obverse: Pine tree; legend AMERICAN – LIBERTY. Reverse: Harp; 1776 at lower right. These coppers were cast by William Moulton on behalf of the state of New Hampshire. It has been estimated that between four and five thousand were manufactured. Eight or nine are currently known.
The pine tree may refer to the New Hampshire's immense forests. The reverse harp picks up on a device used on some Continental Currency, suggesting a harmony of interests between major strings and minor ones, large states and small ones.
Currently not on view
Object Name
Date made
Moulton, William
Moulton, William
Physical Description
bronze (overall material)
overall: 28 mm; 1 3/32 in
Place Made
United States: New Hampshire
United States: New Hampshire
United States
political area
United States
ID Number
accession number
catalog number
See more items in
Armed Forces History: National Numismatic Collection
Coins, Currency and Medals
Data Source
National Museum of American History, Kenneth E. Behring Center
Credit Line
Norweb, Emery
Related Publication
Glossary of Coins and Currency Terms
Publication URL
Additional Media

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