Model of the 1851 Steam Locomotive Croton

This is a 1/2-inch scale model of the Hudson River Railroad's Croton, built in 1851 for fast local passenger service. The model consists of four leading wheels, four driving wheels, and no trailing wheels. It is therefore classified as a 4-4-0 locomotive, which is also known as the American type. The arrangement proved to be a popular design in America from the 1840s to the end of the 19th century.
Designed by Walter McQueen, the Croton was one of six nearly identical engines built for the Hudson River Railroad by the Lowell Machine Shop of Lowell, Massachusetts. On one trip in August 1851, it pulled a 90-ton, eight-car train between New York City and Poughkeepsie, New York, at an average speed of 40 miles per hour. When the Hudson River Railroad merged with the Central Railroad in 1869, the Croton became the New York Central Railroad’s number 10, and continued in service until 1877.
Currently on loan
date made
used date
place made
United Kingdom: England
Associated Place
United States: New York
Physical Description
brass (overall material)
steel (overall material)
nickel silver (overall material)
wood (overall material)
overall: 8 in x 4 in x 21 1/2 in; 20.32 cm x 10.16 cm x 54.61 cm
ID Number
catalog number
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See more items in
Work and Industry: Transportation, Railroad
America on the Move
Data Source
National Museum of American History